11/18/2017

Reasons Behind Pain after Bowel Movement

Reasons Behind Pain after Bowel Movement

Constipation is one of the common conditions that is indicative of poor digestion. It is characterized by infrequent bowel movements, incomplete evacuation of bowel, and straining throughout defecation due to hardening of the stools. Rectum is the opening at the end of the digestive tract through which the stool passes, whereas rectum is the terminal end of the digestive tract, and is connected to the anus. Pain after bowel movements could be attributed to medical conditions affecting these structures.

Contributing Elements

Hemorrhoids.

  • Hemorrhoids, also called piles, is a condition that is characterized by the presence of swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and lower rectum.
  • It might occur due to severe or chronic constipation where the affected individual has to frequently strain during bowel movements.
  • It might also affect pregnant women due to the increased pressure on these veins.
  • It could be internal, which means the swollen veins could be located inside the rectum.
  • It could be external, which means that swollen veins might establish under the skin around the rectum.

Anal Fissures

Pain during and after bowel movements is one of the common symptoms of anal cracks. An anal fissure is a tear in anoderm, which is a specialized tissue that lines the anal canal. The tear runs from the anus to the anal canal. It could take place in people impacted by chronic constipation. Considering that this area consists of a large number of nerves, trauma to this region can cause pain. Passing a big, difficult stool could be the reason behind the development of an anal fissure. Repeated episodes of diarrhea could also be a contributing factor. Sometimes, women could establish a fissure after giving birth.

Anal Fistula

An anal fistula results from anal abscess, which might form when the glands located in the anus become blocked and contaminated. An anal fistula is a little channel that signs up with the infected gland within the anus to an opening on the skin near the rectum. People affected by Crohn's disease, sexually transmitted diseases, injury, diverticulitis, etc., are more likely to develop an anal fistula. It can give rise to signs such as pain with defecation, discomfort around the anus, irritation of the skin around the anus, bleeding, fever, fatigue, etc.

Proctitis Inflammation of the Lining of the Rectum is Medically Described as Proctitis

It could be caused due to sexually transmitted infections, inflammatory bowel diseases (ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease), trauma to the anorectal region, etc. The symptoms of this condition include soreness in the rectal and anal location, intermittent rectal bleeding, pain during and after bowel movement, diarrhea, discharge from the anal region, etc.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are placed in the category of inflammatory bowel diseases.
  • Ulcerative colitis is identified by the development of ulcers and swelling of the lining of the colon and the rectum.
  • It gives rise to stomach pain, urgency to have a bowel movement, cramping, rectal bleeding, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, etc.
  • Crohn's disease is also characterized by swelling in the lining of the intestinal tract.
  • It generates signs such as abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea, blood in stool, weight loss, loss of appetite, anal fissures, etc
  • On a concluding note, pain during and after bowel movements could be caused by numerous medical conditions.
  • Thus, it is important to look for medical assistance for the proper diagnosis and treatment of the underlying cause.

Constipation & Diarrhea 1: Water & Peristalsis

Queen's Meds 115: Family Medicine Constipaton & Diarrhea: Part 1 of 3.
Damion McdanielDamion Mcdaniel
Damion is a lead writer at zoejo.com, a site about health, lifestyle and fitness. Previously, Damion worked as a advertising guru at a well-known tech software web site. When he's not scouting for new content, Damion enjoys skydiving and rock climbing.